Geysers del Tatio

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Geysers del Tatio

Chaxa Lagoon

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Chaxa Lagoon

Rainbow Valley

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Rainbow Valley

Cordillera de la Sal / Salt Mountain Range

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Cordillera de la Sal / Salt Mountain Range

Mountaineering

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Mountaineering

Cejar Pond

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Cejar Pond

The adventure Begin Here

San Pedro de Atacama, located in the driest desert in the world, is the starting point of a series of trips to explore unique landscapes of incomparable beauty, where you can also find wildlife in their natural habitat.

 



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    Basic San Pedro de Atacama (4 days / 3 nights)

    Basic San Pedro de Atacama (4 days / 3 nights)

    Day 1: CALAMA – SAN PEDRO DE ATACAMA - MOON VALLEY:

    Transfer from Calama’s airport to San Pedro de Atacama.
    4.00 p.m., departure. We start visiting one high point over the Salt Mountain range, from where we can appreciate the big salt lake of Atacama, the active Lascar volcano in the Andes, and down there the different villages “Ayllos” or oasis that are part of San
    Pedro de Atacama. Then we will visit The Valley of the Death from where we can see the impressive and conic “Licancabur” volcano
    (5916 m.a.s.l.). Always present in the area.Afterwards, in the Valley of the Moon, we will visit the Salt Caverns, the amazing formations of salt, named “Tres Marías”, and we will watch the sunset over the giant dune. We come back to San Pedro around 7.30 p.m. 

    Day 2: ALTIPLANIC LAGOONS AND ATACAMA SALTLAKE (B).

    6.00 a.m. Departure from San Pedro, following the international route to Sico border pass, to the south. Our first stop will be at Toconao village, to see its houses built in Liparita stones, and the church of San Lucas. Then we will continue to the Atacama Salt lake. The salt flat encompasses 3,000 km² (1,864.11 mi²), is about 100 km (62.14 mi) long and 80 km (49.71 mi) wide, which makes it third largest in the world, after Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia and Salt Lake in USA . Its average elevation is about 2,300 m.a.s.l. The topography of the core portion of the salar exhibits a high level of roughness, which is due to that the surface of this area is 
    permanently free of water, unlike the most of the other salt flats, as for example the Salar de Uyuni, which is periodically covered 
    with shallow water. It receives filtered water from the San Pedro river and multiple canyons of the high mountain range and it is surrounded by mountains and has no drainage outlets. To the east is enclosed by the main chain of the Andes while to the west lies a secondary mountain range called Cordillera de Domeyko. Under the surface is a big lake and from this salted and mineral water has born a new miner of salts mixture. It has the biggest reserve of Litio, Borax and Potassium in the world. In this salt lake is located the Chaxa lagoon, which has impressive salt formations, lagoons with superficial salt in formation and an exceptional animal life of little reptiles and the magnificent pink flamingoes (parinas). This place is a reserve under protection of the National Corporation for the forest (CONAF) as a birds nest centre. Afterwards we will continue toward the Miscanti and Meñiques lagoons. Located at 4,500 m. high, these lagoons are surrounded by impressive volcanoes, originated from the rising of the Andes, in the ancient geological times. They get their underground waters from thaw.  Arrival to San Pedro at 17.30 hrs.


    Day 3: GEYSERS OF THE TATIO TOUR AND MACHUCA HAMLET (B)

     04.30 a.m. Pick up from the hotel, after around 1.5 hours of travel, we arrive at the Geysers of the Tatio, located at 4.200 m.a.s.l. 
    The guide will show us the geothermic field, and following the delimited trails is possible to see the columns of steam, geysers and 
    pools of boiling water. The “magma” close to the surface warms the undersurface stone what in touch with the undersurface water produces this singular phenomenon. The best time to see them is at sunrise when each geyser is surmounted by a column of steam that condenses in the bitterly cold morning air. The steam plumes disappear as the air warms up. There is wreckage at the site from an old project of 1920, for harnessing geothermal power.You will have breakfast with the view to the geysers, after it is possible to take a bath in the thermal pool. On the road back to San Pedro we will make some stops to see and to take photograph of the landscape, volcanoes, Vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna ), cactus and typical endemic flora and fauna of the desert. Then we will continue to the Machuca hamlet to see its handicraft market and the church. Arrival to San Pedro at 12.30 hrs. Afternoon free.

    Day 4: ARCHEOLOGICAL TOUR.

     We start the tour visiting the Archeological site of Tulor, a former village complex in which architectural characteristics are circular 
    walls made of mud and vaults.  This ancient village (800 BCE to 400 BCE) was the place where the first inhabitants were 
    established and started a sedentary life. Then we continue to the Quitor Fortress, built on the edge of the canyon of San Pedro’s 
    river, during the 12 century, to have the control of the water from the river, and to protect from foreign invasions. We finish with a visit to the R. P. Gustavo Le Paige Archaeological Museum.  It houses a collection of about 380,000 pre-Columbian 
    artifacts from the Atacameño culture.
    According to the time of departure of flight, transfer to the Calama’s airport.